Improving the Eighth Grade Students’ Ability in Writing Narrative Texts through the Use of Picture Word Inductive Model at SMPN 3 Mlati in the Academic Year of 2014/2015

Anindita Nur Indra


This research aimed at improving the grade VIII students’ ability in writing narrative texts through the use of Picture Word Inductive Model (PWIM) at SMP N 3 Mlati in the academic year of 2014/ 2015. The type of the research was action research. It was conducted in two cycles. Each cycle consisted of two meetings. The steps of this research were reconnaissance, planning, conducting action, observation, and reflection. The subjects of the research were 32 students of VIII D class, the English teacher, and the researcher. There were two kinds of data in this research. They were qualitative and quantitative data. The qualitative data were gained through observation and interview. The quantitative data were collected from writing tests. The validity of the data was obtained by applying democratic validity, outcome validity, process validity, catalytic validity, and dialogic validity. In reference to the actions conducted in two cycles, the use of the PWIM improved the students’ writing ability as justified in the following result.  First, PWIM helps students to generate and organize ideas in the step of identifying and labelling pictures. Second, it enriches the students’ vocabulary in the step of reading and reviewing the picture word charts. Third, it improves the students’ grammar mastery by practicing the steps of generating words and put them into sentences and paragraphs. Fourth, reading and reviewing the sentences and paragraph step allow the students to pay more attention on mechanics such as spelling and punctuation. In reference to the students’ writing scores, the gain scores of the content aspect was 3.17, the organization aspect was 3.3, the language use aspect was 5.13, the vocabulary aspect was 4.62, and the mechanic aspect was 0.57.

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