Improving Writing Skills Of The Class XI MIA 2 of SMAN 1 Yogyakarta by Implementing Guided Writing in the Academic Year of 2015/2016

Racmat Nugroho, , Indonesia


This research is aimed at improving the writing skills of class XI MIA 2 students in SMAN 1 Yogyakarta by implementing Guided Writing in the academic year of 2015/2016. To deal with the problems, the researcher implemented some features of Guided Writing, such as model paragraph, comprehension questions, language-based exercise, outline, oral composition, and writing composition.  This research was action research which consisted of two cycles with two meetings in each cycle. The participants of this research were the researcher, the English teacher, researcher’s partner, and the students of class XI MIA 2 which consisted of 32 students. There were two kinds of data used in this study; quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative data were obtained from the pre-test and the post-tests. These data were analyzed by comparing the mean scores of the pre-test and the post-test. Meanwhile, the qualitative data were collected through observations in teaching and learning process and through interviews with the research participants. The instruments for collecting the data were observation guidelines, interview guidelines and tests such as pre-test and post-test. The findings of this research show that the use of outline in pre-writing improves the students’ writing skills. Meanwhile, the model paragraph was also essential to be given to the students, so they have guidelines in composing their writing. Through oral composition and writing composition, students get much easier in producing the written product.

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