Della Pergiwo Saputri, English Literature Study Program, Faculty of Languages and Arts, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia



This research aims at analyzing the types and functions of figurative language in the song lyrics of Sam Smith’s In the Lonely Hour. To do so, this research adopts stylistics approach, particularly the theories of Figurative Language.

This research employed qualitative method. The data were in the forms of words, phrases, and sentences taken from the song lyrics of Sam Smith’s In the Lonely Hour. After collecting the data, the researcher deployed Perrine’s (1993) theory to classify types and functions of figurative language. The main instrument of this research was the data sheet from the transcript of the lyrics. Furthermore, the researcher used investigator triangulation and supervisor as an expert for to gain trustworthiness.

The findings show that there are eight types of figurative language found in Sam smith’s In the Lonely Hour. They are metaphor, simile, personifications, apostrophe, synecdoche, paradox, irony, and hyperbole. On the other hand, metonymy, symbol, litotes, and allegory are not found. The functions that are found are to give imaginative pleasure, to give additional imagery, to add emotional intensity, and to say much in brief compass emerge. Accordingly, these findings demonstrate that Smith’s In the Lonely Hour is highly in demand because Sam Smith deploys figurative language to convey meaning in an extraordinary way which then results in aesthetic effect in the songs.


Keywords: figurative language, stylistics, Sam Smith


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis jenis dan fungsi kiasan dalam lirik lagu Sam Smith In the Lonely Hour. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini mengadopsi pendekatan stilistika, khususnya teori-teori bahasa kiasan.

Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif. Data yang diperoleh dalam bentuk kata-kata, frasa dan kalimat-kalimat yang diambil dari lirik lagu Sam Smith In the Lonely Hour. Setelah pengumpulan data, peneliti  menggunakan teori Perrine's (1993) untuk mengklasifikasikan jenis dan fungsi kiasan. Instrumen utama dari penelitian ini adalah data dari transkrip lirik. Selanjutnya, peneliti menggunakan metode triangulasi dan pembimbing sebagai ahli untuk mendapatkan keabsahan data.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada delapan jenis kiasan yang ditemukan di Sam smith In the Lonely Hour. Tersebut adalah metafora, simile, personifikasi, apostrop, synekdok, paradok, ironi, dan hiperbola. Di sisi lain, metonymy, simbol, litotes, dan alegori tidak ditemukan. Fungsi yang ditemukan di untuk memberikan kesenangan imajinatif, untuk memberikan citra tambahan, untuk menambah intensitas emosional, dan mengatakan sesuatu dengan kata yang lebih ringkas. Dengan demikian, penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dalam lirik lagu Smith In the Lonely Hour sangat diminati karena Sam Smith menggunakan bahasa kiasan untuk menyampaikan sebuah makna dengan cara  yang luar biasa yang kemudian memberikan efek estetika dalam lagu-lagu tersebut


Kata Kunci: Bahasa Kiasan, Stilistika. Sam Smits

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Printed Sources

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