The Use of Cohesive Devices in the Speech of Speaking IV Students of English Education Study Program of the Academic Year of 2014/2015

Devi Ratnasari, , Indonesia


This research was conducted to investigate the use of cohesive devices in the speech. The objectives of this research were to identify the types of cohesive devices used in the speech of students of speaking IV class and to explain how the occurring types of the cohesive devices reflect the semantic relation in the speech of speaking IV students in relation to their text clarity. This research employed a qualitative method consisting of data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing. The data were in the form of utterances which were derived from the transcripts of the speech. The primary instrument of the research was the researcher herself and the secondary instruments were data sheets. The data were analyzed by categorizing them using the cohesion proposed by Halliday and Hasan (1976). The research findings were checked by conducting triangulation. The results of this research showed that the most frequently cohesions appeared in the speech are conjunction, reference, and lexical reiteration. Meanwhile the occurrences of ellipsis, substitution, and lexical collocation were the least. It also showed that the clarity of the speech was attempted through the appearance of relatedness of reference and semantic connection. Relatedness of form was not employed as many as the others since the speech was the second production of the written text namely scripts previously prepared by the speakers.

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