Using Chain Games as a Means to Improve Speaking Skills of Grade X of Nursing 2 Students of SMK Kesehatan Binatama Sleman, Yogyakarta, in the Academic Year of 2016/2017

Arif Ridho, , Indonesia


This action research was aimed to improve the speaking skills of Grade X Nursing 2 Students of SMK Kesehatan Binatama, Sleman, Yogyakarta through the implementation of Chain Games in speaking class. There were two problems identified: the lack of fluency and the lack of accuracy. Thus, Chain Games was used as a technique implemented in the speaking class to solve those problems. This research was conducted in two cycles. The participants of this research were the researcher, the English teacher as the collaborator and the students of grade X Nursing 2 of SMK Kesehatan Binatama, Sleman, Yogyakarta. The research data were in qualitative and quantitative forms. The qualitative data were obtained by observing the teaching learning process, interviewing the English teacher and the students, having discussions with the English teacher and taking pictures. Meanwhile, the quantitative data were obtained by administering a pre-test and a post-test. The instruments of this research included observation and interview guidelines, speaking rubric, and a camera. The validity of the data was attained by applying democratic validity, dialogic validity, process validity, outcome validity, and catalytic validity. In addition, to make the data trustworthy or reliable, three kinds of triangulation (time triangulation, investigator triangulation, and theoretical triangulation) were employed in this research. The research findings showed that the speaking skills of most students of grade X Nursing 2 of SMK Kesehatan Binatama improved after the Chain Games technique was implemented in the teaching and learning process. It was proved by the increase of the mean of students’ speaking scores in the pre-test and post-test (73.96 to 77.54).

Keywords: speaking, speaking skills, chain games

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