Developing English Reading Materials for Grade XI Students of Pharmacy Study Program of Sekolah Menengah Farmasi (SMF) Indonesia Yogyakarta

Mohamad Baharudin Jamin, Jamilah -


The aims of this research were: (1) to find the target needs of the students of SMK/SMF Indonesia Yogyakarta; (2) to find the learning needs of the students of SMK/SMF Indonesia Yogyakarta; and (3) to develop the appropriate English reading materials for the students of SMK/SMF Indonesia Yogyakarta. This research is a Research and Development (R&D) study. The subjects of the research were grade XI students of SMK/SMF Indonesia Yogyakarta in the academic year of 2015/2016. Modified Borg and Gall (1983) research and development stages combined with Jolly and Bolitho (1998) materials development model were adapted to conduct the research. The stages were needs analysis, planning/ course grid development, materials development, evaluation by expert or expert judgment, and final draft revision. To collect the data for the study, two types of questionnaire were used. The first questionnaire that was distributed to the students of SMK/SMF Indonesia Yogyakarta was used to obtain the data for the needs analysis. The second questionnaire was employed to gain the data for the materials evaluation during the expert judgment stage. The data resulted from both questionnaire were analyzed quantitatively by using descriptive statistics. The students’ target needs of learning English are to accomplish good mark on national examination and as a preparation to be pharmacists. Simple texts related to pharmacy and pharmaceutical terms weree the students’ learning needs in order to learn English. The final product of this study was three units of English reading materials for Grade XI students of Pharmacy Study Programme developed using Content-Based Instruction Approach. The development of the units was based on the needs analysis results and the school-based curriculum used at the school. The developed materials consisted of 20 tasks, which were divided into three main parts namely, introduction, main lesson, and reinforcement. The input in the materials was in the form of pharmacy-related texts, relevant pictures, grammar explanations, tables, and vocabulary list. Based on the data analysis from the expert judgment, the developed English reading materials are considered appropriate. The mean score of the appropriateness of all the aspects is 3.23, which is within the interval of 2.50 ≤ x ≤ 3.24 and can be categorized as “Good”.


Keywords: Materials development, reading, pharmacy study program

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