Jurnal UNY - Detail artikel

ADINEGARA

Vol Jan, No 1 (2014)

JAMINAN KENYAMANAN PEJALAN KAKI DALAM TATA KELOLA TRANSPORTASI (TRASPORTATION GOVERNANCE) DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA

Penulis 1 : RAHMADANI EFENDI (10417141039)
Penulis 2 : Yanuardi, M.Si.
Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan memahami jaminan kenyamanan pejalan kaki dalam tata kelola transportasi (transportation governance) di Kota Yogyakarta.
Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian ini berlokasi di Kota Yogyakarta, dengan subjek penelitian mengambil perwakilan dari tiga stakeholders yaitu Pemerintah Kota Yogyakarta (SPKD dan Kecamatan), Swasta (GIZ dan PT Jogja Tugu Trans) dan Masyarakat (KPBB, WALHI Yogyakarta dan Paguyuban PKL). Instrumen penelitian adalah peneliti sendiri. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan cara wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Teknik triangulasi sumber digunakan mengecek keabsahan data penelitian dengan membandingkan jawaban dari berbagai sumber dengan pertanyaan yang serupa. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan model analisis interaktif.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan governance belum berjalan dengan baik sehingga belum dapat menjamin kenyamanan pejalan kaki. Meskipun telah disepakati program yang berkenaan untuk memberikan jaminan tersebut seperti kegiatan kota layak pejalan kaki, rencana pedestrianisasi Malioboro dan penyediaan moda angkutan terintegrasi. Penyebab governance belum berjalan baik karena terdapat kendala seperti ketergantungan stakeholders terhadap peran pemerintah, keterbatasan peran swasta dan masyarakat, koordinasi antar SKPD kurang, masih adanya pelanggaran hak pejalan kaki, dan sektor transportasi yang belum mendukung. Hal tersebut membuat governance belum memenuhi prinsip-prinsip governance yang baik diantaranya rule of law, responsiveness, kesetaraan, efektifitas dan efisiensi dan akuntabilitas.

Kata Kunci
Kata kunci : Jaminan, Pejalan Kaki, Governance.

Abstract

This research aims to know and understand the guarantee the comfort of pedestrians in transportation governance at Yogyakarta city.
The research design used is descriptive qualitative method. The research is located in Yogyakarta City, with the research subject is taken from Government of Yogyakarta City (SKPD and Kecamatan), Private Sector (GIZ dan PT Jogja Tugu Trans) and Society (KPBB, WALHI Yogyakarta and Pedagang Kaki Lima). The research instrument is reseacher himself. Data collection technique is through observation, interview, and documentation. The validity data is checked using source triangulation by comparing answers from various sources with same questions. To analyse the data, the researcher uses interactive models.
The results of this research show governance is not going well so it couldn’t guarantee the comfort of pedestrians. Although stakeholders has agreed the programs that for giving the guarantee such as walkability city, pedestrian plan of Maliboro and provision of integration transportation modes. The cause of governance is not going well because there are constraints such as the dependency stakeholders of the role of government, the limitation role of private sector and society, the lack coordination of SKPD, there are still violations of pedestrian right, and transportation sector is not support yet. The obstacles are cause the governance is not complete the good governance indicators such rule of law, responsiveness, equity, effectiveness and effeciency and accountability.

Keyword
Guarantee, Pedestrian, Governance
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