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ADINEGARA

Vol Jan, No 1 (2014)

PEMBERDAYAAN RUMAH TANGGA SANGAT MISKIN MELALUI ROGRAM KUBE PKH DI KECAMATAN IMOGIRI KABUPATEN BANTUL

Penulis 1 : EVI LISTIYANA (10417144023)
Penulis 2 : Argo Pambudi, M.Si.
Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan pemberdayaan Rumah Tangga Sangat Miskin melalui program KUBE PKH di Kecamatan Imogiri Kabupaten Bantul serta faktor yang mendukung dan menghambat pelaksanaannya.
Desain penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek dalam penelitian, antara lain Kepala Seksi Perlindungan dan Jaminan Sosial Dinas Sosial Kabupaten Bantul, pendamping PKH Kecamatan Imogiri, Kepala Seksi KTK PM dan Jaminan Sosial Dinas Sosial DIY serta anggota KUBE PKH di Kecamatan Imogiri. Adapun instrumen penelitian dalam penelitian ini adalah peneliti sendiri. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan teknik model interaktif yang terdiri dari pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan/verifikasi, sedangkan teknik pemeriksaan keabsahan data menggunakan triangulasi sumber,
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa : (1) pelaksanaan pemberdayaan Rumah Tangga Sangat Miskin melalui program KUBE PKH di Kecamatan Imogiri kurang optimal, banyak permasalahan yang muncul di dalam kelompok terutama dari segi individu anggota kelompok, namun tanggapan kelompok dengan adanya KUBE PKH ini positif karena manfaat yang dirasakan tidak hanya dari segi ekonomi yakni peningkatan penghasilan melainkan manfaat sosial yakni rasa kebersamaan dan kepedulian antar sesama anggota, (2) Faktor pendukung dalam pelaksanaan pemberdayaan Rumah Tangga Sangat Miskin melalui KUBE PKH di Kecamatan Imogiri adanya respon positif dalam hal kesadaran dan kemauan yang tinggi dari para anggota untuk belajar, sedangkan faktor penghambat kurangnya pengetahuan dalam penanganan penyakit ternak, kurangnya kreativitas dalam pengembangan usaha, kurangnya kesadaran untuk membayar angsuran simpan pinjam dan kurangnya aksesibilitas pemasaran.

Kata Kunci
Pemberdayaan RTSM, KUBE PKH

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to investigate the implementation of the empowerment of the lowest economic household through KUBE PKH program in Imogiri sub-district of Bantul district. Next, this study was aimed to find out the instructive and destructive factors in the implementation process.
This study employed descriptive qualitative design. The subjects of this study were the Head of Protection and Social Guarantee Section of Social Department of Bantul District, Assistance of PKH of Imogiri sub-district, Head of KTK PM and Social Guarantee Section of Social Department of Yogyakarta Special City and members of KUBE PKH in Imogiri sub-district. Then, the instruments employed in this research were the researchers themselves. The techniques done for data collection were interview, observation and documentation. The data were analyzed by using interactive model including data collection, data reduction, data display and drawing the conclusion/ verification. Moreover, regarding the validity of the data, this study used triangulation.
The findings showed that: (1) The implementation the empowerment of the lowest economic household through KUBE PKH program in Imogiri sub-district of Bantul district was less optimum as there were many problems appeared in this group especially individual problems of group members. However, there was a positive response towards such KUBE PKH program as it had a lot of benefits related to economic matter such as the improvement of income. Moreover, another benefit was related to the social case which was the feeling of togetherness and caring each other. Second, the instructive factors towards the program of empowerment of the lowest economic household through KUBE PKH program in Imogiri sub-district of Bantul district was the positive response in terms of the awareness and willingness of group members in learning, while the destructive factors of this program was the lack of knowledge of pet diseases, lack of creativity in developing the business, lack of awareness in paying the credits and lack of accessibility in marketing process.
Keywords: Empowerment of RTSM, KUBE PKH

Keyword
Empowerment of RTSM, KUBE PKH
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