Jurnal UNY - Detail artikel

Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris - Quill

Vol I No 2 (2012)

A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF MAXIM FLOUTING REFLECTED IN THE OPRAH WINFREY SHOW IN THE EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH J. K. ROWLING

Penulis 1 : FITRIA NURHAYATI (07211141010 )
Penulis 2 : Drs. Suhaini M. Saleh, M. A.
Penulis 3 : Titik Sudartinah, S. S., M. A.
Abstrak

This research aims at (1) describing the maxim flouting, (2) identifying Politeness Principle as maxim flouting takes place, and (3) explaining the purposes of maxim flouting reflected in The Oprah Winfrey Show in the Exclusive Interview with J. K. Rowling.

This research used descriptive-qualitative method. The data were in the form of utterances spoken by Oprah Winfrey and J. K. Rowling in the exclusive interview. The trustworthiness of the data was gained through triangulation by checking the data, the theories and the method by the help of two consultants and two linguistics students as triangulators and peer reviewers.

The results of the research are stated as follows. First, there are three maxims of conversation flouted in the interview. They are (1) maxim of quantity, (2) maxim of manner, and (3) maxim of relation. Maxim of quantity flouting places the highest rank because Rowling seems to answer the questions completely for the reason of being polite and cooperative. Second, there are six maxims of Politeness Principle found in the interview. They are (1) agreement maxim, (2) modesty maxim, (3) tact maxim, (4) generosity maxim, (5) approbation maxim, and (6) sympathy maxim. The agreement maxim is the most-often-done maxim since what Winfrey asks and says is almost similar to the fact of Rowling’s opinion or idea. Third, there are four purposes of maxim flouting found in the interview. These purposes are gained by considering Rowling’s self-presentation. They are (1) identity development, (2) social approval, (3) self-esteem, and (4) social reward. Identity development and social approval place at the highest rank since Rowling shares much of her life experience and wishes that she is accepted, with her personality and thought, by the public.

Kata Kunci
maxim flouting, Politeness Principle

Abstract

This research aims at (1) describing the maxim flouting, (2) identifying Politeness Principle as maxim flouting takes place, and (3) explaining the purposes of maxim flouting reflected in The Oprah Winfrey Show in the Exclusive Interview with J. K. Rowling.

This research used descriptive-qualitative method. The data were in the form of utterances spoken by Oprah Winfrey and J. K. Rowling in the exclusive interview. The trustworthiness of the data was gained through triangulation by checking the data, the theories and the method by the help of two consultants and two linguistics students as triangulators and peer reviewers.

The results of the research are stated as follows. First, there are three maxims of conversation flouted in the interview. They are (1) maxim of quantity, (2) maxim of manner, and (3) maxim of relation. Maxim of quantity flouting places the highest rank because Rowling seems to answer the questions completely for the reason of being polite and cooperative. Second, there are six maxims of Politeness Principle found in the interview. They are (1) agreement maxim, (2) modesty maxim, (3) tact maxim, (4) generosity maxim, (5) approbation maxim, and (6) sympathy maxim. The agreement maxim is the most-often-done maxim since what Winfrey asks and says is almost similar to the fact of Rowling’s opinion or idea. Third, there are four purposes of maxim flouting found in the interview. These purposes are gained by considering Rowling’s self-presentation. They are (1) identity development, (2) social approval, (3) self-esteem, and (4) social reward. Identity development and social approval place at the highest rank since Rowling shares much of her life experience and wishes that she is accepted, with her personality and thought, by the public.

Keyword
maxim flouting, Politeness Principle
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